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Acceptable Native Species

The species listed below have been approved for use in establishing a native vegetated buffer to meet shoreland zoning requirements. This is not an all-inclusive list and additional species may be approved upon request. The plan preparer will insure that selected species are appropriate for planting location. Parameters for selection will be hydrology, light, soil texture. The Native Plants page provides more information on how to design, establish and maintain native vegetation on you site.

Native forb and grass plantings will consist of 60% grasses /sedges /rushes and 40% forbs and legumes and will be spaced every 1 foot on center. At minimum, 5 species of grasses/sedges/ rushes and 3 species of forbs/legumes must be utilized. Pot size of plugs will be 21/2“ square by 3” deep (or approved equal) and plants will be well established. Seed mixes must be a minimum of 10 PLS pounds per acre or 120 PLS seeds per square foot, whichever one provides the highest planting density. All species will be acquired from an approved regional grower.

Native Tree and Shrub Plantings will consist of at least 1 species of tree and at least 2 species of shrubs and will be spaced appropriately based upon mature size of plant. Tree and shrub planting will not reduce the 1 foot on center spacing required for native forb and grass plantings. Trees will be at least 2 years old and 18“ in height or bigger. Shrubs will be well established in 1 liter container or bigger. All trees and shrubs will be of local ecotype and acquired from an approved regional grower.


Common NameScientific NameSoil Moisture Regime
Big BluestemAndropogon gerardiiMesic
Little BluestemAndropogan scopariumMesic - Dry
Fringed BromeBromus ciliatusWet - Mesic
Blue Joint GrassCalamagrostis canadensisWet - Mesic
Canada Wild RyeElymus canadensisMesic - Dry
Riverbank Wild RyeElymus ripariusMesic - Wet
Fowl Manna GrassGlyceria striataWet - Mesic
Reed Manna GrassGlyceria grandisWet - Mesic
June GrassKoeleria cristataMesic - Dry
Rice CutgrassLeersia oryzoidesWet - Mesic
SwitchgrassPanicum virgatumMesic - Dry
IndiangrassSorghastrum nutansMesic - Dry
Prairie CordgrassSpartina pectinataWet - Mesic
Prairie DropseedSporobolus heterolepisMesic - Dry
Porcupine GrassStipa sparteaMesic - Dry

Sedges and Rushes

Common NameScientific NameSoil Moisture Regime
Bristly Sedge Carex comosaWet - Mesic
Fringed SedgeCarex crinitaWet - Mesic
Franks SedgeCarex frankiiWet - Mesic
Long-Awned Bracted SedgeCarex gravidaMesic - Dry
Porcupine SedgeCarex hystericinaWet - Mesic
Common Lake SedgeCarex lacustrisWet - Mesic
Common Hop SedgeCarex lupulinaWet - Mesic
Bottlebrush SedgeCarex luridaWet - Mesic
Tussock SedgeCarex strictaWet - Mesic
Brown Fox SedgeCarex vulpinoideaWet - Mesic
Hardstem BulrushScirpus acutusWet - Mesic
Dark Green BulrushScirpus atrovirensWet - Mesic
Wool GrassScirpus cyperinusWet - Mesic
River BulrushScirpus fluviatilisWet - Mesic
Red BulrushScirpus pendulusWet - Mesic
Great BulrushScirpus validusWet - Mesic


Common NameScientific NameSoil Moisture Regime
Nodding Pink OnionAlium cernuumMesic
Wild ColumbineAquilegia canadensisMesic - Dry
Red MilkweedAsclepias incarnataMesic - Wet
Sky Blue AsterAster azureusMesic - Dry
Drummond's AsterAster drummondiiMesic
Smooth Blue AsterAster laevisMesic
Stiff or Calico AsterAster lateriflorusMesic
New England AsterAster novae-angliaeMesic - Wet
Swamp AsterAster puniceusMesic - Wet
Arrow-Leaved AsterAster sagittifoliusMesic - Dry
Short's AsterAster shortiiMesic - Dry
Panicled AsterAster simplexMesic - Wet
Pale Purple ConeflowerEchinacea pallidaMesic - Dry
Spotted Joe-Pye-WeedEupatorium maculatumMesic - Wet
BonesetEupatorium perfoliatumMesic - Wet
SneezeweedHelenium autumnaleMesic - Wet
Northern Blue Flag IrisIris versicolorWet - Mesic
Southern Blue Flag IrisIris virginicaWet - Mesic
Prairie Blazing StarLiatris pycnostachyaMesic - Dry
Marsh Blazing StarLiatris spicataMesic - Wet
Great Blue LobeliaLobelia siphiliticaMesic - Wet
Monkey FlowerMimulus ringensWet - Mesic
Wild BergamotMonarda fistulosaMesic - Dry
Mountain MintPycnanthemum virginianumWet - Mesic
Yellow ConeflowerRatibida pinnataMesic - Dry
Black-eyed SusanRudbeckia hirtaMesic
Wild Golden GlowRudbeckia laciniataMesic - Wet
Sweet Black-eyed SusanRudbeckia subtomentosaMesic
Cup PlantSilphium perfoliatumMesic - Wet
Prairie DockSilphium terebinthinaceumMesic
Ohio GoldenrodSolidago ohioensisMesic - Wet
Stiff GoldenrodSolidago rigidaMesic - Dry
Blue VervainVerbena hastataMesic - Wet
IronweedVernonia fasciculataMesic - Wet
Culver's RootVeronicastrum virginicumMesic
Golden AlexandersZizia aureaMesic


Common NameScientific NameSoil Moisture Regime
Canada Milk VetchAstragalus canadensisMesic
Partridge PeaChamaecrista fasciculataMesic - Dry
White Prairie CloverDalea candidumMesic - Dry
Purple Prairie CloverDalea purpureaMesic - Dry


Common NameScientific NameSoil Moisture Regime
Red MapleAcer rubrumMesic
Silver MapleAcer saccharinumMesic
River BirchBetula nigraWet - Mesic
Shagbark HickoryCarya ovataMesic
White AshFraxinus americanaMesic
Black WalnutJuglans nigraMesic
White OakQuercus albaMesic
White Swamp OakQuercus bicolorWet - Mesic
Bur OakQuercus macrocarpaDry - Mesic
Pin OakQuercus palustrisWet - Mesic
American BasswoodTilia americanaMesic - Wet
TamarackLarix laricinaWet - Mesic
Eastern White PinePinus strobusMesic
White CedarThuja occidentalisMesic


Common NameScientific NameSoil Moisture Regime
ServiceberryAmalanchier leavisMesic
ButtonbushCephalanthus occidentalisMesic - Wet
Gray DogwoodCornus racemosaMesic - Wet
Red-Osier DogwoodCornus stoloniferaMesic - Wet
HazelnutCorylus americanaMesic - Dry
WinterberryIlex verticillataMesic - Wet
NinebarkPhysocarpus opulifoliusMesic
ElderberrySambucus canadensisMesic - Wet
Arrowood ViburnumViburnum dentatumMesic - Dry
Nannyberry ViburnumViburnum lentagoMesic
Cranberry ViburnumViburnum trilobumMesic


acceptable_native_species.txt · Last modified: 2023/05/11 15:54 by admin

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